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It’s most likely that you’ve heard about cannabis through movies, social media, and other public communication media. In a chit chat with Emma Chasen and Kristen Williams, cannabis educators, they eloquently described and commented on the word ‘cannabis’ in the following twenty ways below: 

A Guide to Cannabis Lingo

Cannabis - Hemp or Marijuana

Cannabinoids

  Cannabinoid This is the predominant class of the subordinate compounds inherent in cannabis. Chasen used an illustration of the car and its engine to explain the cannabinoids. She said the cannabinoids are like the engines. They create both psychotropic and medicinal experiences making them majorly responsible for intoxication. It has a couple of medicinal compounds such as anti-convulsant, anti-spasmodic, anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory, cancer-fighting, and pain-relieving properties. Williams explained that the two major primary cannabinoids are THS and CBD, though there are over a hundred cannabinoids in cannabis. Cannabinoids are further separated into subclasses as follows: Cannabichromenes (CBC); Cannabidiols (CBD); Cannabigerols

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Cannabis - Hemp or Marijuana

Cannabis (Hemp or Marijuana)

Cannabis (Hemp or Marijuana) Williams stated that “cannabis is the enveloping plants” Marijuana and Hemp are the two words used to analyze a particular cannabinoid structure from another. Chasen beamed that hemp is a legitimate subspecies of cannabis with a measurable amount of concentration of CBD, while Williams added its THC is less than 0.3 percent. Chasen also made us understand that hemp is entirely different from marijuana by saying it’s gradually fizzling away. “Marijuana is weed that has dominant THC,” stated Chasen. Marijuana is primarily cultivated for recreational drug use, as THC is the predominant psychoactive cannabinoid to create

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Cannabis - Hemp or Marijuana

CBD

CBD CBD is the shortened version of cannabidiol. This is the second popular compound innate within cannabis aside from THC. It is the most prevalent and beneficial of the non-psychoactive cannabinoids. Chasen reports that this is a cannabinoid that bonds the endocannabinoid receptors and induces multitudes of signaling pathways. It’s also capable of changing the confirmation of one’s serotonin receptors, opioid receptors, and TRPV1 receptors, which are responsible for our senses of feel and pain. CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant and then diluted with a carrier oil such as coconut or hemp seed oil to form CBD oil.

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Cannabis - Hemp or Marijuana

Chemotype

  Chemotype Terms such as “chemotype” in relation to cannabis are taken from the microbiology field. The term “chemotype” (used interchangeably with “chemovar”) refers to a chemically distinct subspecies in a plant or microorganism, in this case, the distinct compounds originated from inside the cannabis plant. Chemotype is actually a shortened term for Chemical Phenotypes. Cannabis exists in different chemical variants which show chemical— and even morphological— differences, known as chemotypes. According to Chasen, these chemical compounds influence and control the comprehensive experience felt from consumption. Some industries use the Cannabis subspecies terms such as “Sativa”— referring to C. sativa—

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Cannabis - Hemp or Marijuana

Indica/Sativa

Indica/Sativa Indica and Sativa are botanical terms used to describe a variety of subspecies of the cannabis plant. Indica and Sativa are also known as chemotypes. Indica tends to be a short bushy plant with compact flower structure and a variety of broad leaves. Sativa tends to be a tall skinny plant with an unconstrained flower structure and fine leaves. Carl Linnaeus first used the name ‘sativa’ to describe hemp plants harvested for their fiber and seeds. Indica received its name from Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, when he studied the plant in India where it was cultivated for its seeds, fiber, and

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Cannabis - Hemp or Marijuana

Ingestion

  Ingestion This is the primary process of using up cannabis. There are four methods of ingestion of cannabis, and they each have different effects. Ingestion refers to edibles, oils, tinctures, or raw cannabis which are swallowed, metabolized, and digested by our bodies. Ingestion has specific benefits. The medicinal effects last longer, but they also take longer to come into effect as the cannabis is digested. Ingesting works best in small amounts and accompanied by fatty foods, as the cannabinoids will attach to the fat cells and better transport through your system. Edibles Edibles are one of the strongest ingestion

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Cannabis - Hemp or Marijuana

Inhalation

  Inhalation Inhalation is yet another basic ingestion of cannabis either by smoking or vaporizing. In truth, inhalation of the smoke or vapor from a dried cannabis flower is the traditional method of inhalation, practiced long before cannabis became a primary debate. According to Williams, when cannabis is lighted for smoking, burning takes place, and about twelve percent of what you take in is useful to you, the rest of the cannabinoids, as well as other essential compounds inherent the plant, are destroyed by combustion. She also said that vaporizing has to do with heating the cannabis to let out

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Cannabis - Hemp or Marijuana

Intoxicating/Non-Intoxicating

  Intoxicating/Non-Intoxicating Cannabis can come in both intoxicating and non-intoxicating forms. Toxicity is affected by the ratio of cannabinoids within the strain. Its levels within cannabis are often determined by any given strain’s reaction with CB1 receptors. CB1 receptors are concentrated within the brain and nervous system. If a cannabinoid binds itself to the receptor, they are stimulated; when one binds to the CB1 receptor and mimics feelings of euphoria, this results in intoxication. THC is perfectly shaped to plug into the CB1 receptor, whereas a cannabinoid like CBD will simply pass by. Researchers explain that THC mimics our bodies’

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Cannabis - Hemp or Marijuana

Mucosal

  Mucosal Our mouths contain three areas that absorb cannabis: the mucosa lining the interior, the area beneath our tongues, and the tongue itself. Mucosal refers to any product that relies on this absorption to deliver cannabis into your bloodstream. Substances that are absorbed through the mucous membrane get into the bloodstream quicker than substances that are being ingested, digested, and metabolized. This absorption method allows it to bypass the predominantly hostile gastrointestinal system so that it flows straight into the bloodstream. Once the cannabis reaches your heart, it will spread through the rest of your cardiovascular system in close

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Cannabis - Hemp or Marijuana

Psychoactive/Non-Psychoactive

Psychoactive/Non-Psychoactive Psychoactive relates to anything that affects the mind. People often claim that CBD is often known as non-psychoactive, meaning it is non-intoxicating because it doesn’t cause the type of cerebral high that THC causes. But Chasen claims that both CBD and THC are psychoactive because they get attached to the receptors in the brain and affect the mind. To that end, there is some debate in the scientific community as to whether CBD is technically psychoactive. Most people associate psychoactive with the high induced from substances like THC, but CBD has properties which relieve anxiety and insomnia. CBD primarily

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Cannabis - Hemp or Marijuana

Sublingual

  Sublingual One of the three methods of mucosal absorption, sublingual refers explicitly to delivery under the tongue. Sublingual delivery and absorption of cannabis is the most effective version of mucosal absorption. The sublingual cavity has an abundance of vessel-rich tissues to deliver decarboxylated cannabis directly to the bloodstream. “Decarboxylated” simply means the cannabinoids have been broken down from acids through various means involving heat. Tinctures are decarboxylated; raw cannabis is not. Sublingual administration of cannabis can eliminate the several following barriers patients face for effective use: Accuracy— no cannabinoids are lost in extraction or administration, making doses more accurate

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Cannabis - Hemp or Marijuana

Terpene

Terpene Terpenes are distinctive smelling (aromatic) compounds found in all plants. Terpenes are major components of resin; in this case, the resin from the cannabis plant. Alongside cannabinoids, terpenes are major components of cannabis resin and play a large role in the effect certain strains have when consumed. Williams stated that terpenes in cannabis dictate the level of intoxication one would experience. Growing and curing techniques can affect terpenes’ potency in various strains, leading to dramatically different terpenoid profiles. Terpenes are also heavily affected by heat; when you’re buying based on terpene content, it’s best to consume through a low-heat

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Cannabis - Hemp or Marijuana

THC

THC THC, the abbreviation for tetrahydrocannabinol, is the primary cannabinoid found in many strains of cannabis. Many know that THC is responsible for euphoric highs from recreational consumption, but few are aware of its medicinal properties and benefits. Years of misinformation have led to THC developing a bad reputation, but scientists have started to push for better information to the public to clear THC’s name and reveal its medicinal benefits. “THC is a major constituent of cannabinoids,” says Chasen. She explained it has many physiological properties, such as pain relief and anti-inflammatory properties. It is also an anti-depressant. An overdose

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Cannabis - Hemp or Marijuana

Topical

Topical In medical terms, a topical is anything relating to or applied directly to a part of the body. In Cannabis terminology, this is defined as anything placed on the skin surface, for instance, deodorants, lotions, balms, etc. Cannabis-infused topicals are revolutionizing the realm of cannabis use as well as its availability, efficiency, and safety. While this market is still growing, and thus introducing new products constantly, current Indica and Sativa cannabis topicals include balms, lotions, oils, salves, sprays, patches, and lubricants. Topicals can provide immediate, focused relief. They often function as a gateway to the curious, as they are minimally

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Cannabis - Hemp or Marijuana

Transdermal

  Transdermal “Trans” means “through”, and “derma” means “skin.” Transdermal relates to any medicinal substance that passes through the skin into the bloodstream. Williams introduced us to the concept of transdermal patches and gels used on the wrist or other venous areas of the body. Transdermal cannabis patches give accurate dosage with more extended periods of pain relief, for a more effective and long-lasting treatment, while gels can provide fast, accurate relief. Transdermal gels can also be combined to create the perfect mix if you aren’t finding a strain to satisfy your needs. With transdermal cannabis products, you do not

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